Title: Founding of the settlement of Port-Jackson at Botany Bay in New South Wales (caricature).
Description: A rather fanciful depiction of the founding of Britain's first prison colony in Australia. In 1788 the eleven ships of the First Fleet arrived at Botany Bay. There were over 1,500 people: 548 male and 188 female convicts, ship's crews, officials, marines, their wives and children. Forty-eight people had died on the voyage. The convicts included black African and American, Jewish, Scandinavian and other nationalities.
Creator: T Gosse [artist & engraver]
Date: c. 1780s
Credit line: National Maritime Museum, London