Discharging paper from Canada into a lighter in the Royal Docks. ©
There was considerable emigration from Britain to Canada in the 19th century, leading to the increasing exploitation of Canada's vast forests and huge areas of farmland.
Canada's main exports to London were wheat, timber and timber products. Most of these goods came into the Surrey and Millwall Docks.
Mineral exports to Britain included asbestos and gold (after the Klondyke strike of 1896).
Find out more:
The hub of empire: Imperial trade