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   Back to London declines as a whaling port

Men gathered around a beacon in thick smog.

Men gathered around a beacon in thick smog.
A 'pea-souper' in London.
© National Maritime Museum, London
Repro ID: H3202
Description: The term 'smog' was used to describe London's notorious combination of coal smoke and natural fog. It was caused by coal-fired power stations, factories and the domestic burning of coal. It was not until the 1950s, when a four-day fog in 1952 killed nearly 4000 Londoners, that anything was done to solve the pollution problem. In 1956 Parliament passed the Clean Air Act which restricted the burning of coal.
Creator: Unknown
Date: 1920s
Credit line: National Maritime Museum, London
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