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The 'Great Eastern' as a cable laying ship

Introduction
Preparing the cable and ship
Laying the Atlantic telegraph cable
Impact of the trans-atlantic telegraph cable
Demise of the 'Great Eastern'
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Introduction

Great Eastern as a cable ship.
View full size imageThe Great Eastern cable ship in 1869.

The Great Eastern was a giant steam ship designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806-59). When she was launched at Millwall in 1858 she was the largest ship in the world. Although the design of the Great Eastern was groundbreaking, Brunel's mighty vessel was considered a commercial failure as a passenger liner.

A piece of 19th-century telegraph cable.
View full size imageA piece of 19th-century telegraph cable.
After being laid up in 1864, the Great Eastern was sold for £25,000 (the equivalent of about £1.3 million today), a fraction of its original cost, to a Greenwich-based cable-laying company.

This next stage of her career was by far the most successful. From 1865 to 1872 she laid four telegraph cables under the Atlantic, and others to link Bombay and Aden.

 

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Glossary
Bombay
Telegraph

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Fact fileThe 'Great Eastern'
A giant steam ship designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel.
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Fact fileIsambard Kingdom Brunel
One of the greatest engineers in history
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Fact fileJohn Scott Russell
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National Maritime Museum/Royal Observatory GreenwichNew Opportunities Fund 
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