William Lionel Wyllie and the Thames
|Wyllie's artistic development: oils, watercolours and etchings|
Weather and atmosphere
A sudden squall blows up while gun cotton is being unloaded from the hulk Leonidas. At the same time, a ray of sunlight illuminates the ship's hull.
It is probable that Wyllie witnessed the scene himself. It is painted in his most vigorous manner with broad brush strokes.
The picture demonstrates Wyllie's lifelong admiration of JWM Turner, and he may have been thinking of The fighting Temeraire when he painted it.
'Work' as a central theme
In these two sketches, Wyllie takes 'work' as his central theme.
They were probably made as studies for King Coal, the picture that Wyllie painted and exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1885. It showed men unloading coal from a steam collier into lighters in the Thames.
In pictures such as these, Wyllie was concerned with the dignity of labour.
The underlying theme of these pictures is the progress of the Industrial Revolution and the wealth and prosperity it created.
Wyllie used the Thames as a vehicle to show this.
Modern industry, Beckton gasworks
Wyllie sailed on the Thames, sometimes in a Thames barge, and would therefore have had opportunities to make watercolour sketches such as this one.
For him the gas works would have represented something very modern and he was clearly fascinated by the shapes of the cranes as he saw them from the Thames.
A family voyage: 'London to the Nore'
In 1905 Wyllie collaborated with his wife on a book entitled London to the Nore. It described a voyage down the Thames with his family on board a Thames barge.
To illustrate it, Wyllie made watercolours, such as this, and black and white drawings. This is how the Wyllies describe this scene:
Developing his style
This fluid watercolour demonstrates that Wyllie's use of the medium had developed by the years around 1900. This came about as a result of constant practice and repetition. Wyllie had been painting watercolours since the 1870s. These watercolours were often small and meticulous.
In this watercolour, one almost certainly done on the spot, the cranes are painted very freely. The light on the water in the foreground is suggested with a few quick brushstrokes.
Watercolour was perhaps Wyllie's most successful medium. This view of Thames barges in the Thames or Medway shows the 'wet' watercolour technique that Wyllie adopted.
He first wetted his paper on a board and applied the wash for the sea and sky...
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