The port in 1901
|The London and St Katharine Docks|
The London Docks
By the time of the 1901 census, the London Docks had long been eclipsed by the more spacious docks further downriver.
Although there were more than 30 ships there on census night, most were small sailing ships.
The most important vessels there were sailing ships serving long-distance routes, mainly the Australian wool trade.
The largest of these was the Dutch four-masted barque Jeanette Francoise (1893).
The most famous ship in the London Docks was the Neotsfield (1889).
Built in Dumbarton for the Australian wool trade, she later carried nitrates from South America.
In Shadwell Basin was another veteran of the Australia trade, the four-masted barque Port Jackson (1883). Other sailing ships included the Saga, bringing Norwegian ice to London, and several Scandinavian and German vessels.
The St Katharine Docks
The 1901 census recorded more than 20 vessels in the St Katharine Dock. This small dock was never able to accommodate the largest ships even when it opened in 1828. By 1901, it was handling short sea steamers from ports such as Glasgow, Amsterdam and Bremen.
The Argo Line steamship Adler (1900) operated on the London to Bremen route until 1914. She often brought Jewish emigrants from Eastern Europe.
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