Flour milling and the port
|Early flour milling|
Milling by hand
Flour is obtained by milling - grinding grain to separate the inner kernel from the outer husks. For thousands of years, people milled their own flour by hand using a stone or a pestle and mortar. Improvements to the stones used for milling meant better flour, but milling was still done on a very small scale.
Milling by wind and water
Dozens of windmills stood in what is now London, though almost all have long gone.
The mills of Millwall
Some of these windmills survived into the 19th century, as shown in this view of the Isle of Dogs from 1821.
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