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Duke of Wellington (1769-1852)

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'The Iron Duke'
Known for
The Duke of Wellington.
View full size imageThe Duke of Wellington. © NMM

Wellington became known for his military skill, particularly at Waterloo, where his defeat of Napoleon secured his place as one of the most famous soldiers in British history.

He had very conservative views, showing hostility to parliamentary reform while he was Prime Minister.

Port connection
The New Trinity House on Tower Hill.
View full size imageThe headquarters of Trinity House. © NMM
As Master of Trinity House from 1837 until his death in 1852, he helped to maintain Royal connections with the original headquarters of Trinity House at Deptford.
Interesting facts
He entered the army because of his poor performance at school.
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Life story
1769Born Arthur Wellesley in Dublin.
1787His parents bought him a commission in the army.
1797-1805Served in India with the army.
1808-1814Fought Napoleon’s armies in Portugal and Spain.
1814Given the title of Duke of Wellington.
1815Commanded British forces at Waterloo.
1818-1827Entered the British Cabinet as Master General of Ordinance.
1827-1828Commander-in-Chief of the army.
1828-1830Served as Prime Minister.
1834-1835Foreign Secretary under Robert Peel.
1837-1852Master of Trinity House.
1842-1852Commander-in-Chief of the army.
1852Died and was buried in St Paul’s Cathedral.
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Find out more
StoriesThe 19th-century port
Docks and industry transform the Thames
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National Maritime Museum/Royal Observatory GreenwichNew Opportunities Fund 
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