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Samuel Pepys (1633-1703)

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Diarist and Master of Trinity House
Known for

Samuel Pepys 1633-1703
View full size imageSamuel Pepys (1633-1703). © NMM

Keeping his diaries, which cover ten years that saw such historical events as the coronation of Charles II (1660), the Great Plague (1665) and the Great Fire of London (1666), and give an unrivalled insight into London life in those years.

Establishing a professional naval service for the first time in English history.

Leading a vigorous social and private life. He was fond of drinking and woke up in a pool of his own vomit after celebrating the coronation of Charles II. He also liked flirting with women; his wife once caught him with a female servant.



Port connection

His work at the navy led to the largest shipbuilding programme England had ever seen.

As Clerk of the Acts to the Navy Board, he worked at the Royal Dockyards.

As Master of Trinity House he drew up a new Charter for the organisation.


Interesting fact

It is clear that Pepys did not want anyone to read his diary. He wrote in a special form of shorthand, and his diaries were not deciphered for over a century.

Useful link


Life story
163323 February born in Salisbury Court, London.
1655Married Elizabeth Marchant Saint-Michel.
1658Had a bladder stone removed, a dangerous operation.
1660Appointed Clerk of the Acts to the Navy Board.
1665Leading member of the Navy Board.
1669His wife Elizabeth died.
1673-1679Secretary of the Admiralty.
1679Imprisoned in the Tower of London, accused of selling naval secrets to the French.
1684-1689Secretary for Admiralty Affairs.
1684-1686President of the Royal Society.
1685-1686Master of Trinity House.
1689Left public service.
1690Arrested again on suspicion of Jacobite tendencies.
1699Awarded the honour of Freeman of the City of London.
1703Died 26 May in Clapham and was buried at St Olave, Hart Street in the City.

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