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Grammar Glossary

Grammar glossary: what words do

The three main parts of a sentence are the
subject, verb and object.

There are three main parts to a sentence.
These three parts are called the subject, the verb, and the object.
In a sentence, the subject is the person of thing that does the verb.
The verb tells you what action happens.
The object is the person or thing that the verb is done to.

A short sentence may have only a subject and a verb.

  Subject Verb
  Albert wakes up.
  They are eating.
  The tide was rising.
  The fog lifted.

 

These sentences are very short, but they are real sentences.
They have a subject and a verb, and so they make sense.
(To practise very short sentences, go to level one.)

Most sentences are longer. They have a subject, a verb and an object. The object comes after the verb. It tells you what or who the verb was done to, or how the verb was done.

  Subject Verb Object
  Albert waves to the ship.
  They are eating breakfast.
  Albert sniffed the tobacco.
  Albert knows the tides and the traffic.
  Albert checks the time.

 

It may tell you how, or where, the verb happened.

  Subject Verb Object
  The tide is flooding into London.
  The fog has lifted off the river.

 

Any words that describe the object are part of the object.

  Subject Verb Object
  The tide was rising up the muddy beach.
  The tide is flooding swiftly into London.
  Albert waves to the little ship.
  Albert sniffed the scent of tobacco that wafted out of the warehouse.
  Albert checks the wind direction on the dials at the Naval College.
 

 

 
What words do
Adverbs
Adjectives
Conjunctions and joining words
Nouns
Prepositions
Pronouns
Punctuation and commas
Sentences
Verbs
Glossary

Glossary

Grammar Glossary

Grammar glossary: what words do

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