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Adjectives Riverside Roses logo
What words do
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Glossary

Grammar Glossary

Grammar glossary: what words do

Adjectives can compare things An adjective describes a noun An adjective can also say that one noun is more something than another noun.

  hard Cleaning the floor is harder than dusting china.
  big The parlour is bigger than the kitchen.
  cosy The kitchen is cosier than the parlour.
  difficult Backgammon is more difficult than draughts.
  good Bread and butter is better than dry bread.

To compare things, change the adjective to make it comparative.

This is how you change adjectives to compare things.

If the adjective is a very short word (one syllable), just add —er to the end.

  tall taller
  small smaller
  short shorter
  long longer
  quick quicker
  slow slower
  green greener
  cheap cheaper

If a short adjective ends in one short vowel + one consonant, double the consonant before you add —er.

  big bigger
  thin thinner
  hot hotter
     
  Except  
  new newer
  few fewer

If a short adjective ends in —e, just add —r.

  late later
  nice nicer
  loose looser

Some longer words (two syllables)
add —er to the end of the word.

  clever cleverer

Words which end in —y, change the —y to an —i, and add —er.

  happy happier
  sturdy sturdier
  dusty dustier
  noisy noisier

Other longer words (two syllables) use "more".

  careful more careful
  brilliant more brilliant
  dreadful more dreadful
  perfect more perfect
  polite more polite
  level more level

All longer words (three syllables or more) always use "more".

  difficult more difficult
  expensive more expensive
  beautiful more beautiful
  popular more popular
  comfortable more comfortable

A few adjectives are different. They change in different ways when they compare.

  good better
  bad worse
  far farther or further
  old older or elder
  little less or smaller
  much a lot of more
  many many more

 
What words do
Adverbs
Adjectives
Conjunctions and joining words
Nouns
Prepositions
Pronouns
Punctuation and commas
Sentences
Verbs
Glossary

Glossary

Grammar Glossary

Grammar glossary: what words do

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